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Cover page of the Journal of Health Sciences
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 173-177

Sudden onset of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction - An early predictor to isolate the patient in COVID-19 pandemic


Department of Otorhinolaryngology, IMS and SUM Hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Santosh Kumar Swain
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, IMS and SUM Hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University, K8, Kalinga Nagar, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_288_20

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Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) is a new pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The prevalent symptoms in COVID-19 include fever, cough, sore throat, rhinorrhea, myalgia, headache, dyspnea, and diarrhea. At the initial period of the COVID-19 pandemic, the clinical presentations such as olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions were considered as atypical. At present, olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions are not uncommon symptoms among COVID-19 infections in the COVID-19 pandemic. Initially, these two symptoms were underestimated and not recognized among scientific community. At present, many otolaryngologists over the world documented that COVID-19 patients presented with olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions even without the presence of nasal obstruction or rhinorrhea. The exact etiopathology for olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions is still not known. Future clinical and basic science studies may help to understand the mechanism for olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions in this pandemic. The objective of this review article is to discuss details of the olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions in COVID-19 patients. This article will surely increase awareness among the clinicians and people who are dealing with COVID-19 patients and their early diagnosis.


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