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Cover page of the Journal of Health Sciences
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 60-65

A study of association between breastfeeding and iron-deficiency anemia status in infants and young children between 0 and 2 years

1 Department of Paediatrics, J.J.M Medical College, Davangere, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Paediatrics, Indra Gandhi Institute of Child Health, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amit Magadum
Department of Paediatrics, J.J.M Medical College, Davangere - 577 004, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_169_20

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Background: Iron deficiency is one of the biggest contributing factors to the global burden of anaemia. It is an indicator of both poor nutrition and poor health. Results of recent basic research support the concerns that IDA during infancy and childhood can have long lasting detrimental effects on neurodevelopment. Objective: To study contributing factors for IDA in infants and young children between 6-24 months. Study Design: A case control study. Participants: Children aged between 6-24 months, admitted or attended OPD in paediatric wards of 3 hospitals attached to JJM medical college. Intervention: No intervention was involved in this study. Outcomes: This study findings revealed the status of iron deficiency anaemia among 6-24 months children and also its contributing factor which influence the indication. Results: In our study 50% were anaemic, 50% were not anaemic, in that, 27.1% had moderate anaemia, 22.9% had severe anaemia. Compared to early initiation of breastfeeding at birth, delayed initiation of breastfeeding was associated with higher chances of IDA. Those children who were not exclusively breastfed for first 6 months had higher chances of IDA. Initiation of top milk before 12 months was associated with higher chances of IDA especially before 6 months. Conclusion: Top feeding, faulty weaning and feeding practices are the main contributing factors of anaemia among children under 2 years.

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