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Cover page of the Journal of Health Sciences
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 77-80

Prevalence of menopausal symptoms among postmenopausal women of urban Belagavi, Karnataka

Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research, Belagavi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. M S Shivaswamy
Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research, Belagavi, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_204_17

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BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization (1981), natural menopause is defined as no menses for 12 consecutive months with no obvious intervening cause. During the menopause, women may experience vasomotor, psychosocial, physical, as well as sexual dysfunction. Studies on menopausal issues and health demand priority in Indian scenario due to the growing population of menopausal women as a result of their increased life expectancy. OBJECTIVE: To know the prevalence of menopausal symptoms in the postmenopausal women aged 40–60 years. METHODOLOGY: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2016, using a predesigned, pretested, structured questionnaire based on sociodemographic variables and menopausal symptoms as per the menopause-specific quality of life questionnaire. A total of 345 postmenopausal women aged 40–60 years residing in the field practice area of Urban Health Centre, Ashok Nagar, Belagavi, were selected by systematic random sampling technique and interviewed during house-to-house visit. The outcomes of this study were menopausal symptoms in the postmenopausal women. Data collected in the questionnaire were coded and entered in Microsoft Excel sheet. Values were expressed in the form of frequency and percentages. Tables were prepared. Statistical significance was set at P ≤ 0.05. RESULTS: In this study, the mean age among study participants was 52.04 ± 5.58 years. Majority 200 (58%) were Hindus, while 266 (77.1%) were literates. The most common menopausal symptoms were of physical domain (75.7%–25.5%), followed by psychosocial domain (63.9%–49.3%) to vasomotor domain (63.5%–55.4%) and least common sexual domain (42.3%–36.2%).

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