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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 3: Noise stress and additional factor can activate the reward pathways through hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenocortical axis: Noise stress increases corticosterone level, augments dopamine release in synapse of reward circuit along with combined effect of additional factors (such as cocaine, smoke, amphetamine, sex, food, and drugs). The elevated corticosterone level in noise stress in turn inhibits the transporter involved in dopamine uptake

Figure 3: Noise stress and additional factor can activate the reward pathways through hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenocortical axis: Noise stress increases corticosterone level, augments dopamine release in synapse of reward circuit along with combined effect of additional factors (such as cocaine, smoke, amphetamine, sex, food, and drugs). The elevated corticosterone level in noise stress in turn inhibits the transporter involved in dopamine uptake