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Cover page of the Journal of Health Sciences


 
 Table of Contents  
LETTERS TO EDITOR
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 183-185

Time for a serious research implementation of the hypotheses in ancient Ayurveda literatures: A call from a roller coaster ride


Department of Kayachikitsa (General Medicine) and Manovigyan Evum Manasaroga (Ayurveda Psychology and Psychiatry), Rajeev Ayurveda Hospital, Hassan, Karnataka, India

Date of Web Publication4-Jun-2019

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Govardhan Belaguli
Consultant, Department of Kayachikitsa (General Medicine) and Manovigyan Evum Manasaroga (Ayurveda Psychology and Psychiatry), Rajeev Ayurveda Hospital, Hassan - 573 201, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_177_18

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How to cite this article:
Belaguli G. Time for a serious research implementation of the hypotheses in ancient Ayurveda literatures: A call from a roller coaster ride. Indian J Health Sci Biomed Res 2019;12:183-5

How to cite this URL:
Belaguli G. Time for a serious research implementation of the hypotheses in ancient Ayurveda literatures: A call from a roller coaster ride. Indian J Health Sci Biomed Res [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Jun 17];12:183-5. Available from: http://www.ijournalhs.org/text.asp?2019/12/2/183/259634



Dear Editor,

As we all know, on Thursday, September 13, 2018, at Harvard University, the humankind witnessed the 28th first annual ceremony of Ig Nobel Prize. Marc A. Mitchell and David D. Wartinger the duo bagged its prestigious medicine honor. They were awarded for their study on “how the roller coaster ride, tries to hasten the passage of kidney stones.” Their work was validated with a model and was published in the year 2016.[1] It had mainly two outcomes: (a) the functional pyelocalyceal renal model served to assess the activities that facilitated calyceal renal calculus passage and (b) the rear seating position on the roller coaster led to the most renal calculus passages (n = 23 out of 36).[1] The work was highly appreciated and so was entitled for the esteemed honor which made people LAUGH at first and ended with THINKING.

To be frank, the work gained my attention, only after it brought to limelight through the Ig Nobel Prize recognition. The content of their work somewhere reminded me of the similar concept proposed in ancient Ayurveda literatures. The search ended in the thought of treating a condition called 'Ashmari (Renal calculus)' mentioned in the various treatises of Ayurveda.


  Thoughts from Ayurveda Top


Acharya Charaka (father of Indian medicine), who lived in between 3rd century BC[2] is the principle contributor to Ayurveda. He was the first to hypothesis and propose an innovative idea on treating Ashmari. In his treatise Charaka Samhita, he states that “a person having renal calculus, should drink Nigada (an alcoholic preparation), and should ride in a fast moving chariot or on a horse. With this method, the calculus gets dislodged and if this does not help that person, then he may get benefitted from surgery.”[3]

Sri Gangadhara, who is one among the commentator of Charaka Samhita, has opined same thought to that of Acharya Charaka but differs in opinion that “the person suffering from Ashmari, should be made to drink Nigada (a freshly prepared alcohol preparation) or decoction made out of Mamsa (some type of meat) and then should ride in fast moving chariot.” He also agrees that if the Ashmari does not get dislodged, he should undergo surgical procedures. For this procedure, he elaborately proposes to follow the guidelines mentioned by Acharya Sushruta.[4]

Acharya Vagbhatta, who existed somewhere between fourth and fifth century AD, is famous for presenting Ayurveda and its essence in an easy, comprehensive, and logical way. His treatise “Astanga Hridaya” is referred as best for the practical understanding of the Ayurveda concepts.[5] He raises alike thought of treating the Ashmari in his treatise that “a person having renal stone/s, should be made to drink an old, unspoilt Madya (wine) and should have a fast ride on a chariot driven by horses or can even ride on a horse.”[6]

Apart from the above proposals, the following descriptions are the few add-on to the present context which may help in put a match to the knowledge and vision of the reader. Sri Bhavamishra, the author of Bhava Prakasha Nighantu (Indian materia medica), who lived around 1600 AD, states the quality of Madya or Nigada. According to him, a vigorous and an ideal Madhya brings the action of dryness in the body, ignites Pitta, alleviates the aggravated Vata and Kapha, stimulates the appetite, prompts digestion, and affects the metabolism through its properties of hot (potency), sour (taste), sharp (quality), separates-resolves into components, and expands-opens-enters-travels into channels.[7]

Acharya Sushruta (father of surgery), who lived nearly in the sixth century before the common era,[8] has not opted matching ideas in treating Ashmari as the above scholars; though being a pioneer of surgery, he has elaborately advised surgical and other clinically applicable methods in treating it.[9]


  An Inference Top


On scrutinizing the above thoughts, anyone can wonder and appreciate the hidden empirical theories in ancient Ayurveda literatures. The lack of scientific methods, evidence, and data in the ancient era was the major drawback in the upliftment of its concepts or hypothesis. Even though the Ayurveda science is being pushed into the “alternative medicine's list, the new researches in the corners of the world themselves reflects that they had been hypothesized and had been practised long back. The above is one such instance where, a model (the functional pyelocalyceal renal model) was mostly developed on some idea (can be linked here to those at the rear seat in a roller coaster similar to a ride on a fast moving chariot driven by the horses). Although it cannot be claimed that the above duo researchers (Marc A. Mitchell and David D. Wartinger) followed the Ayurveda concepts, it is an agreeable fact that the work which they have done today was proposed and hypothesized thousand years back with a similar design. The growing western and modernization have somewhat neglected in acknowledging or in giving a credit to ancient science (to the present context Ayurveda) and it is one of the prime concerns of the present critique. Ayurveda science has rich resources related to human health. The time has arrived for us to sincerely work on those resources which are concealed as concepts or hypotheses and serve its principal goal of both preventive and curative concerns on human health. The scientific development, validation, and the implementation of newer logical technologies, models, formulations, and therapies with the base of ancient hypothesis may facilitate in attaining that principal goal.

Acknowledgment

I would like to sincerely acknowledge all the contributors, scholars, researchers, and followers of Ayurveda science. I would also like to share the credit to Dr. Marc A. Mitchell, and Dr. David D. Wartinger for their valuable and enlightening work.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Mitchell MA, Wartinger DD. Validation of a functional pyelocalyceal renal model for the evaluation of renal calculi passage while riding a roller coaster. J Am Osteopath Assoc 2016;116:647-52.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Meulenbeld GJ. Caraka, his identity and date. A History of Indian Medical Literature. Part 1. Ch. 10. Groningen: E Forsten, IA; 1999.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Kashinatha Shastri PT. Agnivesha's Charaka Samhita. In: Pandey G, Acharya YT, Sharma PV, editors. Mutrakrucha Prakarana, Chikitsa Sthana. Verse 68. Vol. 2. Ch. 26. Varanasi: Chaukambha Sanskrit Sansthan; Varanasi. p. 647.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Kaviratna Kaviraja SG, Chikitsa Adhyaya T. Agnivesha's Charaka Samhita. Chikitsa Sthana, Verse 40. 5th Part. 3rd ed., Ch. 26. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Orientalia; 2009. p. 3312-3.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Available from: http://www.easyayurveda. com/2016/08/21acharyavagbhata. [Last accessed on 2018 Sep 15].  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Tripathi B, editor. Sri Mad Vagbhatta's Astanga Hridayam. Mutraghata Chikitsa Adhyaya, Chikitsa Sthana, Verse 11. Ch. 39. Delhi: Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratishthan; Varanasi. p. 711.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Chunekar KC. Sri Bhavamishra's Bhavaprakasha Nighantu. In: Pandey GS, editor. Sandhana Varga Adhyaya. Verse 1920. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Bharati Academy; 2004. p. 785.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Hoernle AF. Studies in the Medicine of Ancient India: Osteology or the Bones of the Human Body. Oxford: Clarendon Press; 1907. p. 8.  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
Vasant CP, Rajeshwari NM, editors. Acharya Sushruta's Sushruta Samhita. Vol 2: Chikitsa Sthana, Ch. 7, Ashmari Chikitsa Adhyaya; Chaukambha Publications, New Delhi, 2018. p. 348-55.  Back to cited text no. 9
    




 

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