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Cover page of the Journal of Health Sciences
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 103-111

Maternal mental health and its influence on infant growth and development: A systematic review of observational studies in South and East Asia


Public Health Foundation of India, Indian Institute of Public Health, Hyderabad-Bangalore Campus, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anita Nath
Public Health Foundation of India, Indian Institute of Public Health, Hyderabad-Bangalore Campus, 1st Cross Magadi Road, Bengaluru - 560 023, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_9_19

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Maternal mental stress during pregnancy is an important public health concern. There is strong evidence from the Western world to support the presence of a significant association between maternal stress in pregnancy and adverse outcomes in the offspring. There are fewer studies from the South and East regions of Asia. The search was conducted according to the PRISMA criteria. Databases which included NCBI PubMed, Scopus, and Embase were used to search for relevant studies according to the eligibility criteria. Most of the studies have shown a significant relation between stress, depression, and anxiety during various stages of pregnancy with delayed mental, motor, and behavioral development of the child. Although studies from the region show a significant relation between various stress factors during pregnancy and child development, more such studies are needed, especially those using potential biomarkers as indicators of pregnancy-related stress.


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