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Cover page of the Journal of Health Sciences
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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27-30

A challenge for the India to take advantage by demographic transition dividends


Department of Community Medicine, GR Medical College, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anil Kumar Agarwal
No. 4, Medical College Campus, GR Medical College, Gwalior - 474 009, Madhya Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2349-5006.183685

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A change from stable population with high fertility and mortality to a new stability in population due to low fertility and mortality patterns is referred to as a demographic transition. The pace of India's population has slowed in the past few decades; and in the coming years, India will have a large proportion of people in the working ages. Optimists have argued that the resulting demographic dividend (or bonus) will create a smaller dependency load and will generate opportunities for economic growth. On the other hand, the pessimists have stated that India is indeed heading towards a demographic dividend, but challenges exist for economic prosperity if India's policies are not geared towards productive employment for this large working age cohort.


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