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Cover page of the Journal of Health Sciences
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 78-82

An exploration of incidence and mortality due to tobacco-related cancers in capital of Gujarat state


Department of Community Oncology and Medical Records, Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Parimal J Jivarajani
Department of Community Oncology and Medical Records, Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute, Shri M. P. Shah Cancer Hospital, New Civil Hospital Campus, Asarwa, Ahmedabad - 380 016, Gujarat
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2349-5006.148803

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Context: This is a retrospective study done using data of population-based cancer registry (PBCR) Gandhi Nagar district for the years 2009-2011. Aims: The aim was to describe the impact of tobacco-related cancers (TRCs) on incidence and mortality due to cancer and its gender wise distribution. Subjects and Methods: Cancer incidence and mortality data for 3 years viz. 2009, 2010 and 2011 was used. A total of 980 TRC incidences and 350 deaths was registered. Statistical Analysis Used: All results were derived using appropriate statistical software and appropriate statistical tests. Results: Totally, 980 cases were included. Of them, 787 (80.31%) were males, and 193 (19.69%) were females showing higher male preponderance. Most common TRC in males and females was oral cavity 25.41% and 24.35%, respectively. There were 350 deaths due to TRC. Of them, 279 (79.71%) were males, and 71 (20.29%) were females showing higher male preponderance. Male: female ratio was 4.08:1 for incidence and 3.93:1 for mortality. Major proportion of the incidence and deaths were in the age group of 35-64 years. Most common TRC deaths in males were due to tongue (23.30%) and in females due to esophagus (25.35%). Conclusions: The high prevalence of TRC observed shows a serious concern about occurrence of disease and risk factors related to these cancers. Tobacco is a major risk factor for cancer, and it is significantly high in males than in females. Therefore, this study reveals an urgent need for tobacco control and other preventive measures like cancer awareness programs at community level.


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