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Cover page of the Journal of Health Sciences
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 73-77

Prevalence of overweight /obesity among adolescent girls in Salem District, India


Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Periyar University, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. R Parimalavalli
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Periyar University, Salem - 636 002, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2349-5006.148799

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Objective: In India, the proportions of overweight and obese people now co-exist with those who are undernourished. The current study attempted to estimate the prevalence of overweight/obesity among adolescent girls in Salem District, India. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out at the Salem block in Salem District from November 2012 to March 2013. Totally 6619 school going adolescents had been included, their anthropometric measures include height (cm), weight (kg), waist (cm) and hip circumference were measured. Body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio (WHR) were calculated. Overweight and obese adolescents were identified based on their BMI. For comparison, girls with normal weight were selected by simple random sampling technique. All the selected girls were in the age group of 10-15 years, and they studied from 6 th to 10 th standard. Results: The overall rate of prevalence of overweight/obese among adolescent girls was found to be 454 (6.86%). The highest prevalence was observed at the age of 10-11 years (7.82). Mean anthropometric measures of overweight/obese adolescents were higher than normal girls. Mean anthropometric measures of normal and overweight/obese girls were significantly increased by age groups except hip circumference. BMI was highly influenced by weight followed by age, height, hip circumference and WHR of the overweight/obese girls. Conclusion: Prevalence of overweight and obesity was increasing in developing countries, among school going adolescent girls; weight and age were the major influencing factors of overweight/obesity compared with other anthropometric measures.


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