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Cover page of the Journal of Health Sciences
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 215-221

Uraga grahonmada: Extrapyramidal movement disorder?/Tourette syndrome-plus?


Department of Kaya Chikitsa, Abhilashi Ayurvedic College & Research Institute, Abhilashi University, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Prasad Mamidi
Department of Kaya Chikitsa, Abhilashi Ayurvedic College & Research Institute, Abhilashi University, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_10_18

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Uraga/Sarpa/Bhujaga grahonmada (UG) is one among the 18 types of bhootonmada. Bhootonmada denotes a category of psychiatric/neuropsychiatric conditions assumed to be caused by affliction of evil spirits (bhuta/graha). Till date, no studies have been conducted on UG and it is unexplored. The present study is focused on the better understanding of UG and its clinical applicability. UG is characterized by features of Krodhanam (aggressiveness/impulsivity), Nishwasantam (hyperventilation/anxiety/phobia), Bhramantam (agitation/restlessness/hyperactivity), Trasyantam (startle response/hyperekplexia/anxiety/phobia), Raktaaksha (red eyes/Kayser–Fleischer rings), Stabdha drishtim (prolonged staring/abnormal eye movements), Jihwa lolayantam/Srikkinyau lihaan (facial tics), Sarpavat prasarati/Adhomukha shaayinam (athetosis/chorea/motor tics/opisthotonus), Chalam/Vakra gamanam (gait abnormalities), Ksheera, ghrita, guda, and madhu priyam (craving for sweets), Snaana maalya priyam (obsessive-compulsive features), Gaatraani kampayantam (tremors/motor tics/seizures), Dantai khaadantam (self-injurious behaviors/oromandibular dystonia/bruxism), Nidraalu (hypersomnia/excessive daytime sleepiness), etc.. The clinical picture of UG shows similarity with various “extrapyramidal movement disorders” and also with “Tourette syndrome-plus.”


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